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Environmental Technologies

ENEA carries out research, development, implemention, realization and dissemination in the field of Environmental Technologies, contributing to the italian government policies and in line with the EU Environmental Technologies Action Plan, supporting Europe’s effort to be the leader in disseminating environmental technologies.

R&D activities are carried out in several laboratories at ENEA’s Casaccia, Bologna and Trisaia (Matera) Research Centres, where also prototypes and plants are realized, sometimes at pre-industrial scale.

ENEA also provides scientific and technical support to the central and local public administrations as well as public and private enterprises, particularly SMEs.

Main clients in this field are, at the national level, the Ministries of the Environment, Economic development and Industry, and Research as well as Regions and local Municipalities, whereas at the international level the European Commission (DGs Environment, Research, Energy and EuropeAid Cooperation Office) is the main client. ENEA experts cooperate with the EU Technologic Platforms (Water Supply and Sanitation and Textile), and participate in several EU and international Working Groups, eventually representing the cited Italian Ministries.

The Technical Unit for Environmental Technologies of ENEA is responsible for all the Agency’s activities on Environmental Technologies, namely:

Waste cycle management

ENEA carries out research, development, implementation and dissemination of innovative technologies and systems for the treatment, disposal and recycling of wastes, with a special focus on treatment technologies and processes for energy generation from waste.
ENEA also designs, realizes and operates several laboratories and prototypes –sometimes at pre-industrial scales – for waste thermal treatment and for the recovery and reuse of waste materials. ENEA also supports public administrations by the analysis of policies and the implementation of regulations related to the waste management plans. Such activities are carried out at Casaccia and Trisaia Research Centres.

Water management

ENEA is actively present, with scientific research and technology development, in the water management for civil, industrial and agricultural uses. The main line of actions are: purification treatment of wastewater, reduction of water consumption, reuse of treated wastewater, development of "intelligent" systems for monitoring and automated management of wastewater treatment plants, development and use of mathematical models to simulate wastewater treatment plants and processes. Such activities are all carried out at Bologna, Casaccia and Trisaia Research Centres.

Eco-innovation of production processes

ENEA is active in the research on and implementation of environmental management systems and environmental technologies for the eco-innovation of industrial processes and eco-sustainability of industrial, urban and touristic areas. ENEA also supports public administrations and private industries in the implementation of the specific EU regulations and directives (“IPPC” - Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, “REACH” - Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals, “WFD” - Water

Framework Directive, etc.). Specific attention is addressed to the development of technologies, methodologies and models for the reuse and recycling of resources. Such activities are all carried out at Casaccia Research Centre.

Environmental restoration

ENEA carries out activities related to environmental restoration and requalification programs aimed at implementing national and local public plans. Specifically it performs studies and analysis on environmental restoration and the identification of the most appropriate technologies, also providing technical and economic evaluations and epidemiological studies, feasibility and preliminary design of action plans. Such activities are all carried out at Casaccia and Trisaia Research Centres.

Environmental certification and management tools and eco-design

ENEA manages and implements methodologies, processes and tools for environmental certification of processes (such as EMAS, ISO 14001 and Agenda 21) and products (the Ecolabel I, II and III). ENEA also provides technical support to public administrations and private industries in the implementation of European and national regulations. In addition ENEA evaluates the environmental, economic and social impact of products at macro (national or industrial sector level), meso (new technology or large size industrial plant) and micro (single product) scales. The Life Cycle Analysis approach is used together with other analyses and tools in order to define scenarios and general equilibrium models. Software application tools are developed for LCA and eco-design. Such activities are all carried out at Bologna and Casaccia Research Centres.

Development of future scenarios and modelling for the evaluation of atmospheric pollution

ENEA develops tools and models for the analysis of pollution and greenhouse gases related to energy production in order to support public administrations in defining strategies to reduce air pollution and emissions. ENEA also develops experimental methods for defining the chemical and physical characteristics of air pollutants and their measurement. Such activities are all carried out at Bologna and Casaccia Research Centres.

Reference Unit

Technical Unit for Environmental Technologies
Head: Dr. Roberto Morabito

Technical Unit for Models, Methods and Technologies for the Environmental Assessments
Head: Dr. Gabriele Zanini
e-mail: gabriele.zanini@enea.i

Technical Unit for Technologies at Trisaia
Head: Ing. Giacobbe Braccio