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Materials Technologies

Seismic test with dynamic shakers on a small scale replica of a real building (ENEA Casaccia)
  Carbon nanowalls and Platinum nanoparticles integrated as an electrode material for Fuel Cell applications (ENEA Casaccia)
  Analytical Transmission Electron Microscope Tecna G2 F30  (ENEA-Brindisi)
  Reinforced fiber ceramic composite obtained by Chemical Vapor Infiltration (ENEA-Faenza)
  Clean rooms for the fabrication of devices based on thin film technologies and nanomaterials (ENEA-Portici)
  High Power laser welding station (ENEA-Trisaia)

The activities on Materials Science and Technology in ENEA are related mainly to applied research for the creation of new materials and new components to support energy technologies in view of a sustainable economic development.

The activities take place in various ENEA centres and joint-venture companies.

The Technical Unit “Materials Technologies” of the Casaccia Research Centre develops kwnoledge, designs technologies and fabricates demonstration prototypes. The technical infrastructures are also used for technical-scientific activities in support to industrial production and the Public Administration.

Research mainly pursues the following goals:

  • development and qualification of materials for fission and fusion nuclear components
  • development of materials for hydrogen and fuel cells value chains
  • development and creation of optical components and their integration in measurement tools, laser sources and space mission devices
  • development and creation of qualification, testing and characterization methods in a wide range of industrial sectors and for the preservation of the cultural and construction heritage
  • development of lightweight and cellular materials for the transportation sector
  • development of technologies and materials for environmental sensors
  • the use of ICT methodologies for the creation of virtual laboratories networks and the shared use of advanced scientific equipment.

The technical-scientific areas of expertise of the Unit comprise:

  • Qualification of materials and components through the following tests:
    • Mechanical
    • Aging
    • Dynamical
    • Electromagnetic compatibility
    • Gamma rays irradiation.
  • Materials and nanomaterials synthesis through:
    • Chemical methodologies
    • High energy mechanical milling
    • Chemical vapour deposition of carbon based nanostructures
    • Deposition from vapour phase for optical components
    • Arc – discharge
    • Nano-fabrication and nano-manipulation.
  • The characterization of materials through the following metholodologies:
    • Optical microscopy and metallography
    • Scanning and transmission electron microscopy
    • Auger and XPS spectroscopy
    • Non–destructive analyses
    • X rays diffraction
    • Thermal spectroscopies (DTA, DSC …)
    • Time resolved optical spectroscopy
    • Raman spectroscopy.
  • Development of technologies pertaining to:
    • High energy density welding
    • Synthesis of cellular metallic materials
    • Development and qualification of sensors and sensitive materials
  • Calculation methods for:
    • Behavioural and structural simulation codes through classical and quantum molecular dynamics
    • Finite elements structural modelling.

Other Units in the Brindisi, Faenza, Portici and Trisaia Centres conduct activities in the following sectors:

  • development of synthesis techniques and applications of: nanophase materials, thin films, coatings, energy technologies and environmental sensing devices
  • synthesis and treatment of composite and monolithic ceramic materials to make components and tests targeted to engineering and enterprises
  • development of functional materials, notably polymeric or molecular, for the creation of non-photovoltaic devices and systems such as energy-efficient innovative light sources, integrating organic semiconductors and thin films technology
  • use of high-energy density sources for welding components for the transportation sector and metrology services to enterprises.

UTTMATF (Technical Unit "Material Technologies" in Faenza), in particular, conducts R&D activities and services based on the following expertise:

  • synthesis and development of monolithic ceramic materials, coatings and composites for structural and functional applications; development of related production processes up to the manufacturing of prototypes and small production lots
  • engineering and technology transfer of innovative processes and components
  • thermomechanical qualification of materials and components in standard and working conditions
  • microstructural and chemical-physical characterization of ceramic materials, composites, advanced metals as well as biomass and organic fertilizers
  • support and consulting to enterprises for innovation processes and products, services to the public administration.

The main objectives of the technology transfer are the optimization of energy efficiency, environmental sustainability and improved safety in the production processes and product performance. The research focuses mainly on the development of high technology products for the following sectors:

  • Energy production:
    • efficiency growth of traditional energy processes and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
    • renewable energies
  • Transportation:
    • increased safety, better performances and efficiency
    • reduction of energy consumption and gas emissions
  • Building and construction:
    • greater safety, reliability and resistance to possible failures in constructions
    • materials durability, energy saving and environmental sustainability of constructions
  • Other industrial sectors:
    • new products and processes for the ceramic, mechanic, chemical, energy, biomedical, aeronautical, automotive, manufacturing, agrifood, etc. sectors
    • increased efficiency in the production processes and the environmental and economic sustainability.

REFERENCE UNITS

Technical Unit Materials Technologies (UTTMAT)
Head: Marco Vittori Antisari
e-mail: marco.vittori@enea.it

Technical Unit Brindisi Materials Technologies (UTTMATB)
Head: Leander Tapfer
e-mail: leander.tapfer@enea.it

Technical Unit Faenza Materials Technologies (UTTMATF)
Head: Sergio Sangiorgi
e-mail: sergio.sangiorgi@enea.it

Technical Unit Portici Technologies (UTTP)
Head: Ezio Terzini
e-mail: ezio.terzini@enea.it

Technical Unit Trisaia Technologies (UTTRI)
Head: Giacobbe Braccio
e-mail: giacobbe.braccio@enea.it