Energy Technologies, Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Saving Department
The Energy Technologies, Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Saving Department operates in the following areas:
- Distributed Energy
Objectives: To contribute to distributed generation penetration into the national electricity system by exploiting renewable energy sources and advanced technologies for energy production.
- Clean Coal/Zero Emission
Objectives: To improve energy efficiency of coal-powered plants and to develop innovation technologies for CO2 capture.
Objectives: To carry out research, testing, development and fostering of innovation processes and technologies for the production of biofuels with a view to substituting similar fossil-based products.
- Solar Thermodynamic Energy
Objectives: To set up pilot plants – where high-temperature energy is produced by means of concentrating solar power systems – for the production of electric power, seawater desalination, and heat and cold generation for civil and industrial uses.
Objectives: To develop energy-efficiency and ecobuilding technologies for the residential and non-residential civil sectors by way of a methodology focused on the integrated energy district model and the implementation of a demonstration project.
- Sustainable Mobility and Transportt
Objectives: To contribute to the rationalisation of long-distance freight transport by reducing road transport shares, fostering multi-modal transport (by road, rail, ship), and setting up a demonstrative system for the optimisation of interport management.
- New-generation Photovoltaics
Objectives: Optimisation and industrialisation of Point-focus technology, developed by ENEA in the framework of PhoCUS (Photovoltaic Concentrators to Utility Scale) project. This technology uses module-integrated prismatic refractive lenses allowing for a product which is highly-efficient, reliable and commercially-competitive if compared to plain photovoltaics.
- Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Objectives: Development of processes for low- or zero-CO2 emission hydrogen production, especially solar-powered thermochemical processes, biomass and waste gasification, and fermentation biological processes; development of new materials and accumulation systems particularly suitable to be used on board.
- New Photovoltaic Technologies
Objectives: Optimisation of the industrial manufacturing processes of crystalline-silicon devices; development of thin-film silicon devices on low-cost substrates for building integrated flat-plate modules; development of hybrid photovoltaics generating thermal and electrical energy simultaneously at different temperatures.
- New Biomass Technologies
Objectives: Introduction of innovative and more efficient technologies in the national system for producing thermal and electrical energy; production of second-generation biofuels (ethanol and sundiesel).
- New Solar Thermal Technologies
Objectives: R&D activities related to sace conditioning technologies using heat generated by solar collectors, with special attention to drying cycles.
- Energy Efficiency
Objectives: R&D activities contributing to the widespread energy saving in the civil and industrial sectors; support to national energy-saving and demand-control policies; development of methodologies and tools applicable to enterprises and districts; support to the Italian Ministry for Economic Development as to the monitoring, support and diffusion of incentives; training and dissemination activities.
- Mobility and Transport
Objectives: Improvement of sustainable local urban and metropolitan mobility related to both passenger transport and logistics of goods distribution; development and testing of new technologies for hybrid vehicles, which are highly fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly.
- Advanced Energetics
Objectives: Contribution to the enhancement of the national energy sector in the short, medium and long term in order to limit polluting and greenhouse gas emissions by focusing on the development of a mix of technologies aimed at higher system efficiency, energy source diversification and opportunity fuel exploitation.
- ENEA - Casaccia Research Centre
Via Anguillarese, 301
00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome)
Tel. +39 06-30483039
Fax +39 06-30484990