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ENEA FOR THE COUNTRY

ENEA FOR THE COUNTRY

ENEA performs research activities and provides agency services in support to public administrations, public and private enterprises, and citizens:

ENERGY EFFICIENCY: SUPPORT TO PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, INFORMATION AND TRAINING

Pursuant to Legislative Decree no. 115 of 30th May, 2008, ENEA functions as National Agency for Energy Efficiency. Its main tasks are to provide: support to the Ministry for Economic Development  (MSE) and Regions to ensure that the above Decree is implemented; support to  MSE to draw up National Action Plans for Energy efficiency and the Annual Report on Energy Efficiency; technical and scientific support and consultancy services to the State, regions and local bodies to allow them to provide the necessary measures in order to achieve the national energy saving objectives;  methods to measure and verify energy saving; information to citizens, public administrations, enterprises and economic operators with regards to energy saving instruments and the mechanisms as well as the financial and giuridical situation necessary for energy efficiency diffusion and promotion.

ELECTRIC SYSTEM RESEARCH

Under a Programme Agreement signed with the Italian Ministry for Economic Development, ENEA carries out R&D activities on urgent and strategic issues whose spin-offs are at the total benefit of the national electric system users: biomass energy potential; coal-dust power plants (performance and cost reduction); new nuclear fission energy; electricity and hydrogen co-production; cogeneration fuel cells; air-conditioning and lighting systems for residential and tertiary sectors; governance and energy efficiency; promotion of efficient technologies; promotion of innovative electric technologies.

TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION AND TRANSFER

ENEA carries out technology transfer aiming at increasing the Italian economic system’s competitivity with a view to sustainable development. This activity actually consists in: making agreements on the use of patents and sharing scientific know-how; setting up research labs, implementing technological innovation projects; supporting the creation of new enterprises

COMPONENT AND SYSTEM QUALIFICATION

The nuclear qualification process is one of the fundamentals when designing and setting up facilities, especially in the case of nuclear power plants. Nuclear qualification consist of a complex set of tests on systems, components and structures –subject to specific environmental conditions resulting from an accident or an external hazard – aimed at ensuring they are nuclear safety compliant and continue to operate with the highest reliability, thus allowing to keep the reactor under control in any situation. ENEA hosts a whole complex of laboratories and pilot experimental facilities where the complete process of nuclear qualification of components, devices and systems relevant to nuclear safety is performed. The Agency also provides manifold laboratory technical and scientific skills, and performs a wide range of research, measurements and tests in support to nuclear qualification activities: from the preliminary study to the pre-qualification stage, and finally to the activities in support to functional verifications during the very qualification process.

RADIATION PROTECTION

In the field of radiation protection, the ENEA Radiation Protection Institute owns unique expertise and intervention skills and can fulfil all kinds of needs associated with the use of ionizing radiation in the various research activities and technology applications of the Agency, of public administrations and private users, and not only as activities related to the “nuclear” sector. First in the list is the ionizing radiation medical application, where the highest individual dose values and the major contribution to the average collective dose in the whole world are registered.
The continuous intercomparison with the EU and international contexts, and the physical radioprotection surveillance activity that ENEA carries out by law act as an incentive to both the maintenance and optimization of the dosimetric techniques currently adopted, and to the development of new measurement techniques and dose evaluation procedures. The ENEA staff provides  high-quality “service” activities that in some cases are unique in Italy. This is an additional reason why dosimetric techniques and calibration instruments for radiation protection are requested by over 400 users from private enterprises and public administrations.

METROLOGY OF IONISING RADIATION

Pursuant to Law no. 273 of 11th August 1991, the ENEA National Institute of Ionizing Radiation Metrology (INMRI-ENEA) has been officially encharged of measuring the levels of ionizing radiation. The Institute ensures that actual conditions exist for ionising radiation measurement to be reliable in all sectors of interest such as radiotherapy, medical radiodiagnostics, radiation protection in the environment, hospitals and scientific research. The Institute also performs procedures and tests for the homologation and calibration of gauging instruments, and is member of the technical and advisory committee for nuclear safety and health protection set up within the Italian Presidency of the Council of Ministers.

SHIPMENT OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS – NATIONAL FOCAL POINT

In order to assist operators in the various phases of radioactive materials transport the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) encouraged each Member State to nominate a National Focal Point. As regards Italy, the Ministry for Economic Development designated an ENEA officer. The National Focal Point assists those who have difficulties in transporting radioactive materials within the national territory, even if just transiting. It also acts as an interface between the National Authorities and the IAEA Secretariat during all shipment phases.

RADIOACTIVE WASTE – INTEGRATED SERVICE

Since many years ENEA has hosted an Integrated Service for the management of non-electro-nuclear radioactive waste spread all over Italy, which include low- and medium-level medical radioactive sources as well as high-activity sealed radioactive sources. The Integrated Service is responsible for radioactive waste collection, transport, characterization, storage, treatment and conditioning. Since 2007, pursuant to Legislative Decree No. 52 of 6 February 2007, the Integrated Service is also responsible for orphan sources (radioactive sources whose origin cannot be determined). In such a framework, the Service can rely on the technical collaboration by the competent Authorities intervening whenever a radioactive source is found.

SUPPORT TO THE NATIONAL PROGRAMME OF RESEARCH IN ANTARCTICA

ENEA conducts experimental research on climate change and technological research within the PNRA (National Programme of Research in Antarctica). Together with CNR (the National Research Centre), OGS (the National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics), and INGV (the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology), it is partner of the PNRA S.C.r.l. consortium with a 28% share. It coordinates two out of twelve PNRA research sectors – Glaciology and Technology – and is member of the National Scientific Committee for Antarctica.

TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

Within its fields of expertise ENEA develops and puts specific analysis and assessment instruments at the disposal and in support of public and private operators working in the fields of energy, the environment and innovation.